SINCE 1915, Anzac Day has been a call to every Australian to remember with gratitude and national pride, the bravery of Aussie Diggers.
On April 25, 1915, an Australian and New Zealand army corps landed on the beach at Gallipoli — in the dark and under heavy fire.
These soldiers were known as the Anzacs — an acronym which was first used as a simple code in Egypt when a contingent of soldiers was sent to fight there in 1914.
An image which captured the courage and sacrifices at Gallipoli is Simpson and his donkey.
Private John "Jack" Simpson Kirkpatrick rescued about 300 wounded soldiers by bringing them down Monash Valley on the backs of donkeys. But on May 19, after he collected a casualty from the front line, he was hit and killed by a machine-gun bullet to the chest.
Simpson was buried at Hell Spit on the southern end of Anzac Cove, his grave marked with a wooden cross.